Copier  – A Glimpse Of Evolution And Functionality

Through technological development, copying carbon paper has changed in to automated photocopying, which is a must in every workplace that requires written documents. Researcher Chester Carlson, who loved using his kitchen for his electrophotographic tests, developed copiers of office as he discovered a way to replicate records using light and energy and patented his invention under the label of ‘Xerography.’ This invention laid the foundation for the technologically updated workplace copiers that we now use. Have a look at Copier.

Analog office copiers

The early electronic copiers were unreliable and sluggish. The records had to search every time, individually, in order to make multiple copies. Color toner was available sometime about 1950 to 1960, but became limited in quantity and thus costly and difficult to obtain. The dye sublimation cycle substituted traditional electrostatic technology to make color toner usable, and in 1968, colored office copiers became widely available and easily available.

Mobile copier for school.

Laser technologies eventually replaced all older models, and copying became more successful. Today portable copiers come with scanning and saving solutions. Once the data has been processed and placed in the internal memory, it is usable for printing at any time later.

Any digital copier on the market since 2002 comes with a hard drive that holds copies of every copy made, copied, or faxed by the user, enabling the office manager to keep a record of the records of every employee. Many bureau copiers often come with a security code. Each employee is given a specific code, so that the record can be traced back to the worker via the code if any legal breach or abuse happens.

Integral aspects of a copier Paper Feeder / Platen This is the plate of glass where the text to be copied is fed in. The aspect needs extensive cleaning and maintenance. The glass will be protected from staple marks or from some sort of smudges. Any manufacturers sell the glass a specific cleaning agent.

Lens or scanner

 For taking the image of the paper, automated office copiers today are fitted with a lens or scanner below the platen. To this end analog copiers used a lens and a mirror.


The ink used in the copier is known as toner. The toner is in powder shape and is built primarily for bearing an electrical charge. Single toned copiers use only black light, whereas polychromatic copiers blend cyan, yellow, and magenta to create multicolored spectrum.

Paper infix

A tray or drawer acts as the file keeper. This tray may contain thousands of papers so at any given moment the consumer would have to go to the trouble of repairing paper.


The picture the lens or scanner captures then transfers to the drum which serves as a photo-receptive tool and transfers the picture to the page. The drum has an electrostatic charged surface which provides an opposite charge as that of the toner, as a result of which the picture of the toner is repeated on the paper as the paper passes through the revolving drum.

Fuse r

The fuse r consists of two components: a heat roller and a pressure roller. The document moves through those two rollers after the image is moved from the toner to the ink. The picture is permanently imprinted by heat and pressure on the page.

Output tray

Like the input tray or cabinet, the output tray often helps to safely carry the documents. When the paper falls out of the copier, the ink is hot and, once disturbed, will quickly ruin the text by smudging, and it requires drying, and tray acts as the foundation.