Fortunately for us, the dentist makes the decision on which implant to use, in conjunction with the patient’s discussions. For some people this can prove mindboggling or distasteful. An informed patient will however feel more comfortable with what happens to their teeth. Thus the procedure may not be quite so traumatic for the patient by finding out more about each type of implant. Check Revitalize Dental Implants: Dr. Ken Templeton.
The most popular type of implant used is a Root Shape Dental Implant. It is essentially a tooth root shaped pin. This form of implant is used where there is adequate breadth and depth in the jawbone to accommodate the implant. If your jawbone does not have those requirements, a bone graft may be required to fuse with the screw type root to provide an area in your jawbone. The implant specialist can cut your lip, remove your jawbone and then drill one hole for each implant you need. Then the implant is inserted, and you stitch your gum together. Approximately three to six months later, the gum is cut open to expose the implant and attached with an abutment. Instead, the fresh tooth is fixed to the abutment.
A Subperiosteal dental implant is used when the jawbone has insufficient width or length, and is not considered suitable for bone grafting. It is a type of metal plate or frame inserted under the jawbone neighboring the gum. This is constructed from a lightweight substance and braced to insure that strain is uniformly distributed across the jawbone. Both electrodes are then fastened to the patient tightly. After a healing time the majority of the dental implant is removed, such as the ring.
Where the jawbone is too thin to be deemed appropriate for bone grafting a Plate Type dental implant is used. The plate used with this implant is smooth and wide, so that it suits against a thin jawbone easily and tightly. The implant surgeon must create a cut in the teeth, and mold the jawbone to the most appropriate form to accommodate the implant board. It is then fastened to the jawbone and the gum stitched on. Three to six months may be necessary before the final parts of the implant are attached for the mouth to heal.
A Mini dental implant is used where the tooth or teeth to be removed are tiny, such as the incisors, or where flexible dentures are fixed. This form of implant is about half the size of a conventional implant with the Root Shape. Consequently, the patient gets less discomfort, a smoother treatment and saves both time and energy. The dental implant surgeon makes a slit in the lip to install a Mini Dental Implant, cuts a tiny hole in the jawbone and holds the implant in order. The abutment is automatically applied to the bone, and the tooth or dentures should be instantly secured to it.
Each year, modern dentistry takes significant strides in the application of technologies. The Root Type, Subperiosteal, Plate Type and Mini implants were developed, depending on the form of jawbone they have, to satisfy the unique requirements of a wide variety of patients. Patients should be comfortable in the fact that they are more able to recover during the implant process by knowing that their specific form of dental implant was selected. As technology and research in the field of dental implants continues, we are certain to see more advanced implants developed and these four main types of implants have improved even further.